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Author (up) Coles, V.J.; Stukel, M.R.; Brooks, M.T.; Burd, A.; Crump, B.C.; Moran, M.A.; Paul, J.H.; Satinsky, B.M.; Yager, P.L.; Zielinski, B.L.; Hood, R.R.
Title Ocean biogeochemistry modeled with emergent trait-based genomics Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
Year 2017 Publication Science (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal Science
Volume 358 Issue 6367 Pages 1149-1154
Keywords
Abstract
Address Horn Point Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (UMCES), Post Office Box 775, Cambridge, MD 21613, USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0036-8075 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Funding PMID:29191900 Approved $loc['no']
Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 552
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Author (up) Coles, V.J.; Stukel, M.R.; Brooks, M.T.; Burd, A.; Crump, B.C.; Moran, M.A.; Paul, J.H.; Satinsky, B.M.; Yager, P.L.; Zielinski, B.L.; Hood, R.R.
Title Ocean biogeochemistry modeled with emergent trait-based genomics Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
Year 2017 Publication Science (New York, N.Y.) Abbreviated Journal Science
Volume 358 Issue 6367 Pages 1149-1154
Keywords Atlantic Ocean; Biochemical Phenomena/genetics; Metabolic Networks and Pathways/*genetics; Metagenome; *Metagenomics; Microbial Consortia/*genetics; Models, Biological; Seawater/*microbiology; Transcriptome
Abstract Marine ecosystem models have advanced to incorporate metabolic pathways discovered with genomic sequencing, but direct comparisons between models and “omics” data are lacking. We developed a model that directly simulates metagenomes and metatranscriptomes for comparison with observations. Model microbes were randomly assigned genes for specialized functions, and communities of 68 species were simulated in the Atlantic Ocean. Unfit organisms were replaced, and the model self-organized to develop community genomes and transcriptomes. Emergent communities from simulations that were initialized with different cohorts of randomly generated microbes all produced realistic vertical and horizontal ocean nutrient, genome, and transcriptome gradients. Thus, the library of gene functions available to the community, rather than the distribution of functions among specific organisms, drove community assembly and biogeochemical gradients in the model ocean.
Address Horn Point Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (UMCES), Post Office Box 775, Cambridge, MD 21613, USA
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0036-8075 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Funding strtoupper('2').strtolower('9191900') Approved $loc['no']
Call Number COAPS @ rl18 @ Serial 989
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Author (up) Conroy, B.J.; Steinberg, D.K.; Stukel, M.R.; Goes, J.I.; Coles, V.J.
Title Meso- and microzooplankton grazing in the Amazon River plume and western tropical North Atlantic Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
Year 2016 Publication Limnology and Oceanography Abbreviated Journal Limnol. Oceanogr.
Volume 61 Issue 3 Pages 825-840
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Abstract
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0024-3590 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Funding Approved $loc['no']
Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 74
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Author (up) Shropshire, T.; Morey, S. L.; Chassignet, E. P.; Bozec, A.; Coles, V.J.; Landry, M.R.; Swalethorp, R.; Zapfe, G. and Stukel, M.R.
Title Quantifying spatiotemporal variability in zooplankton dynamics in the Gulf of Mexico with a physical-biogeochemical model Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
Year 2019 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords
Abstract Zooplankton play an important role in global biogeochemistry and their secondary production supports valuable fisheries of the world's oceans. Currently, zooplankton abundances cannot be estimated using remote sensing techniques. Hence, coupled physical-biogeochemical models (PBMs) provide an important tool for studying zooplankton on regional and global scales. However, evaluating the accuracy of zooplankton abundance estimates from PBMs has been a major challenge as a result of sparse observations. In this study, we configure a PBM for the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) from 1993&#65533;2012 and validate the model against an extensive combination of in situ biomass and rate measurements including total mesozooplankton biomass, size-fractionated mesozooplankton biomass and grazing rates, microzooplankton specific grazing rates, surface chlorophyll, deep chlorophyll maximum depth, phytoplankton specific growth rates, and net primary production. Spatial variability in mesozooplankton biomass climatology observed in a multi-decadal database for the northern GoM is well resolved by the model with a statistically significant (p&#8201;<&#8201;0.01) correlation of 0.90. Mesozooplankton secondary production for the region averaged 66&#8201;+&#8201;8&#8201;mt&#8201;C&#8201;yr&#8722;1 equivalent to approximately 10&#8201;% of NPP and ranged from 51 to 82&#8201;mt&#8201;C&#8201;yr&#8722;1. In terms of diet, model results from the shelf regions suggest that herbivory is the dominant feeding mode for small mesozooplankton (<&#8201;1-mm) whereas larger mesozooplankton are primarily carnivorous. However, in open-ocean, oligotrophic regions, both groups of mesozooplankton have proportionally greater reliance on heterotrophic protists as a food source. This highlights the important role of microbial and protistan food webs in sustaining mesozooplankton biomass in the GoM which serves as the primary food source for early life stages of many commercially-important fish species, including tuna.
Address
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Funding Approved $loc['no']
Call Number COAPS @ user @ Serial 1095
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