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Author (up) Kim, D.; Lee, S.-K.; Lopez, H.; Foltz, G.R.; Misra, V.; Kumar, A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title On the Role of Pacific-Atlantic SST Contrast and Associated Caribbean Sea Convection in August-October U.S. Regional Rainfall Variability Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2020 Publication Geophysical Research Letters Abbreviated Journal Geophys. Res. Lett.  
  Volume 47 Issue 11 Pages  
  Keywords Pacific‐ Atlantic SST interaction; Atlantic Warm pool; Caribbean Sea; U.S. precipitation  
  Abstract This study investigates the large‐scale atmospheric processes that lead to U.S. precipitation variability in late summer to midfall (August–October; ASO) and shows that the well‐recognized relationship between North Atlantic Subtropical High and U.S. precipitation in peak summer (June–August) significantly weakens in ASO. The working hypothesis derived from our analysis is that in ASO convective activity in the Caribbean Sea, modulated by the tropical Pacific‐Atlantic sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly contrast, directly influences the North American Low‐Level Jet and thus U.S. precipitation east of the Rockies, through a Gill‐type response. This hypothesis derived from observations is strongly supported by a long‐term climate model simulation and by a linear baroclinic atmospheric model with prescribed diabatic forcings in the Caribbean Sea. This study integrates key findings from previous studies and advances a consistent physical rationale that links the Pacific‐Atlantic SST anomaly contrast, Caribbean Sea convective activity, and U.S. rainfall in ASO.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0094-8276 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ user @ Serial 1110  
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Author (up) Maloney, E.D.; Gettelman, A.; Ming, Y.; Neelin, J.D.; Barrie, D.; Mariotti, A.; Chen, C.-C.; Coleman, D.R.B.; Kuo, Y.-H.; Singh, B.; Annamalai, H.; Berg, A.; Booth, J.F.; Camargo, S.J.; Dai, A.; Gonzalez, A.; Hafner, J.; Jiang, X.; Jing, X.; Kim, D.; Kumar, A.; Moon, Y.; Naud, C.M.; Sobel, A.H.; Suzuki, K.; Wang, F.; Wang, J.; Wing, A.A.; Xu, X.; Zhao, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Process-Oriented Evaluation of Climate and Weather Forecasting Models Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2019 Publication Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Abbreviated Journal Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.  
  Volume 100 Issue 9 Pages 1665-1686  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Realistic climate and weather prediction models are necessary to produce confidence in projections of future climate over many decades and predictions for days to seasons. These models must be physically justified and validated for multiple weather and climate processes. A key opportunity to accelerate model improvement is greater incorporation of process-oriented diagnostics (PODs) into standard packages that can be applied during the model development process, allowing the application of diagnostics to be repeatable across multiple model versions and used as a benchmark for model improvement. A POD characterizes a specific physical process or emergent behavior that is related to the ability to simulate an observed phenomenon. This paper describes the outcomes of activities by the Model Diagnostics Task Force (MDTF) under the NOAA Climate Program Office (CPO) Modeling, Analysis, Predictions and Projections (MAPP) program to promote development of PODs and their application to climate and weather prediction models. MDTF and modeling center perspectives on the need for expanded process-oriented diagnosis of models are presented. Multiple PODs developed by the MDTF are summarized, and an open-source software framework developed by the MDTF to aid application of PODs to centers' model development is presented in the context of other relevant community activities. The paper closes by discussing paths forward for the MDTF effort and for community process-oriented diagnosis.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0003-0007 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ user @ Serial 1088  
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Author (up) Shaevitz, D.A.; Camargo, S.J.; Sobel, A.H.; Jonas, J.A.; Kim, D.; Kumar, A.; LaRow, T.E.; Lim, Y.-K.; Murakami, H.; Reed, K.A.; Roberts, M.J.; Scoccimarro, E.; Vidale, P.L.; Wang, H.; Wehner, M.F.; Zhao, M.; Henderson, N. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Characteristics of tropical cyclones in high-resolution models in the present climate Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Abbreviated Journal J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst.  
  Volume 6 Issue 4 Pages 1154-1172  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1942-2466 ISBN Medium  
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  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 147  
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Author (up) Wang, H.; Long, L.; Kumar, A.; Wang, W.; Schemm, J.-K.E.; Zhao, M.; Vecchi, G.A.; Larow, T.E.; Lim, Y.-K.; Schubert, S.D.; Shaevitz, D.A.; Camargo, S.J.; Henderson, N.; Kim, D.; Jonas, J.A.; Walsh, K.J.E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title How Well Do Global Climate Models Simulate the Variability of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Associated with ENSO? Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of Climate Abbreviated Journal J. Climate  
  Volume 27 Issue 15 Pages 5673-5692  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0894-8755 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 149  
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