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Author Smith, S.R.; Alory, G.; Andersson, A.; Asher, W.; Baker, A.; Berry, D.I.; Drushka, K.; Figurskey, D.; Freeman, E.; Holthus, P.; Jickells, T.; Kleta, H.; Kent, E.C.; Kolodziejczyk, N.; Kramp, M.; Loh, Z.; Poli, P.; Schuster, U.; Steventon, E.; Swart, S.; Tarasova, O.; de la Villéon, L.P.; Vinogradova-Shiffer, N. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Ship-Based Contributions to Global Ocean, Weather, and Climate Observing Systems Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2019 Publication Frontiers in Marine Science Abbreviated Journal Front. Mar. Sci.  
  Volume 6 Issue Pages 434  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The role ships play in atmospheric, oceanic, and biogeochemical observations is described with a focus on measurements made near the ocean surface. Ships include merchant and research vessels; cruise liners and ferries; fishing vessels; coast guard, military, and other government-operated ships; yachts; and a growing fleet of automated surface vessels. The present capabilities of ships to measure essential climate/ocean variables and the requirements from a broad community to address operational, commercial, and scientific needs are described. The authors provide a vision to expand observations needed from ships to understand and forecast the exchanges across the ocean–atmosphere interface. The vision addresses (1) recruiting vessels to improve both spatial and temporal sampling, (2) conducting multivariate sampling on ships, (3) raising technology readiness levels of automated shipboard sensors and ship-to-shore data communications, (4) advancing quality evaluation of observations, and (5) developing a unified data management approach for observations and metadata that meet the needs of a diverse user community. Recommendations are made focusing on integrating private and autonomous vessels into the observing system, investing in sensor and communications technology development, developing an integrated data management structure that includes all types of ships, and moving toward a quality evaluation process that will result in a subset of ships being defined as mobile reference ships that will support climate studies. We envision a future where commercial, research, and privately owned vessels are making multivariate observations using a combination of automated and human-observed measurements. All data and metadata will be documented, tracked, evaluated, distributed, and archived to benefit users of marine data. This vision looks at ships as a holistic network, not a set of disparate commercial, research, and/or third-party activities working in isolation, to bring these communities together for the mutual benefit of all.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2296-7745 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ user @ Serial 1039  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Smith, S.R.; Bourassa, M.A.; Long, M. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Pirate attacks affect Indian Ocean climate research Type $loc['typeMagazine Article']
  Year 2011 Publication Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union Abbreviated Journal Eos Trans. AGU  
  Volume 92 Issue 27 Pages 225  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0096-3941 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 325  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Smith, S.R.; Bourassa, M.A.; Sharp, R.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Establishing More Truth in True Winds Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 1999 Publication Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Abbreviated Journal J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.  
  Volume 16 Issue 7 Pages 939-952  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0739-0572 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding ONR, NSF, NASA Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 766  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Smith, S.R.; Briggs, K.; Bourassa, M.A.; Elya, J.; Paver, C.R. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Shipboard automated meteorological and oceanographic system data archive: 2005-2017 Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2018 Publication Geoscience Data Journal Abbreviated Journal Geosci Data J  
  Volume 5 Issue 2 Pages 73-86  
  Keywords data stewardship; marine meteorology; open data access; quality control; thermosalinograph  
  Abstract Since 2005, the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and Oceanographic System (SAMOS) initiative has been collecting, quality-evaluating, distributing, and archiving underway navigational, meteorological, and oceanographic observations from research vessels. Herein we describe the procedures for acquiring ship and instrumental metadata and the one-minute interval observations from 44 research vessels that have contributed to the SAMOS initiative from 2005 to 2017. The overall data processing workflow and quality control procedures are documented along with data file formats and version control procedures. The SAMOS data are disseminated to the user community via web, FTP, and Thematic Real-time Environmental Distributed Data Services from both the Marine Data Center at the Florida State University and the National Centers for Environmental Information, which serves as the long-term archive for the SAMOS initiative. They have been used to address topics ranging from air-sea interaction studies, the calibration, evaluation, and development of satellite observational products, the evaluation of numerical atmospheric and ocean models, and the development of new tools and techniques for geospatial data analysis in the informatics community. Maps provide users the geospatial coverage within the SAMOS dataset, with a focus on the Essential Climate/Ocean Variables, and recommendations are made regarding which versions of the dataset should be accessed by different user communities.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2049-6060 ISBN Medium  
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  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ rl18 @ Serial 979  
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Author Smith, S.R.; Briggs, K.; Lopez, N.; Kourafalou, V. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Applying Automated Underway Ship Observations to Numerical Model Evaluation Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2016 Publication Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Abbreviated Journal J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.  
  Volume 33 Issue 3 Pages 409-428  
  Keywords Ship observations; Automatic weather stations; Ocean models; Model evaluation/performance; In situ atmospheric observations; Observational techniques and algorithms; Models and modeling; In situ oceanic observations  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0739-0572 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 53  
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Author Smith, S.R.; Brolley, J.; O'Brien, J.J.; Tartaglione, C.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title ENSO's Impact on Regional U.S. Hurricane Activity Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2007 Publication Journal of Climate Abbreviated Journal J. Climate  
  Volume 20 Issue 7 Pages 1404-1414  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0894-8755 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding NOAA, NASA, USDA Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 429  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Smith, S.R.; Green, P.M.; Leonardi, A.P.; O'Brien, J.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Role of Multiple-Level Tropospheric Circulations in Forcing ENSO Winter Precipitation Anomalies Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 1998 Publication Monthly Weather Review Abbreviated Journal Mon. Wea. Rev.  
  Volume 126 Issue 12 Pages 3102-3116  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0027-0644 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding ONR, NOAA Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 533  
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Author Smith, S.R.; Hughes, P.J.; Bourassa, M.A. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A comparison of nine monthly air-sea flux products Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2011 Publication International Journal of Climatology Abbreviated Journal Int. J. Climatol.  
  Volume 31 Issue 7 Pages 1002-1027  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0899-8418 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding NOAA Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 318  
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Author Smith, S.R.; Legler, D.M.; Remigio, M.J.; O'Brien, J.J. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Comparison of 1997-98 U.S. Temperature and Precipitation Anomalies to Historical ENSO Warm Phases Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 1999 Publication Journal of Climate Abbreviated Journal J. Climate  
  Volume 12 Issue 12 Pages 3507-3515  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0894-8755 ISBN Medium  
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  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 523  
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Author Smith, S.R.; Legler, D.M.; Verzone, K.V. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Quantifying Uncertainties in NCEP Reanalyses Using High-Quality Research Vessel Observations Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2001 Publication Journal of Climate Abbreviated Journal J. Climate  
  Volume 14 Issue 20 Pages 4062-4072  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0894-8755 ISBN Medium  
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  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 511  
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