Proshutinsky, A.; Dukhovskoy, D.; Timmermans, M.-L.; Krishfield, R.; Bamber, J.L.
Arctic circulation regimes
Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci
arctic climate variability; circulation regimes; freshwater and heat content
Abstract Between 1948 and 1996, mean annual environmental parameters in the Arctic experienced a well-pronounced decadal variability with two basic circulation patterns: cyclonic and anticyclonic alternating at 5 to 7 year intervals. During cyclonic regimes, low sea-level atmospheric pressure (SLP) dominated over the Arctic Ocean driving sea ice and the upper ocean counterclockwise; the Arctic atmosphere was relatively warm and humid, and freshwater flux from the Arctic Ocean towards the subarctic seas was intensified. By contrast, during anticylonic circulation regimes, high SLP dominated driving sea ice and the upper ocean clockwise. Meanwhile, the atmosphere was cold and dry and the freshwater flux from the Arctic to the subarctic seas was reduced. Since 1997, however, the Arctic system has been under the influence of an anticyclonic circulation regime (17 years) with a set of environmental parameters that are atypical for this regime. We discuss a hypothesis explaining the causes and mechanisms regulating the intensity and duration of Arctic circulation regimes, and speculate how changes in freshwater fluxes from the Arctic Ocean and Greenland impact environmental conditions and interrupt their decadal variability.
Address School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
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Funding PMID:26347536; PMCID:PMC4607701
Call Number COAPS @ mfield @
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