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Author (up) Conlon, K.C.; Kintziger, K.W.; Jagger, M.; Stefanova, L.; Uejio, C.K.; Konrad, C. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Working with Climate Projections to Estimate Disease Burden: Perspectives from Public Health Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2016 Publication International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Abbreviated Journal Int J Environ Res Public Health  
  Volume 13 Issue 8 Pages  
  Keywords *Climate Change/statistics & numerical data; Florida; Forecasting; Humans; Models, Theoretical; Public Health/*trends; United States; adaptation; attributable fraction; climate modeling; project disease burden; public health  
  Abstract There is interest among agencies and public health practitioners in the United States (USA) to estimate the future burden of climate-related health outcomes. Calculating disease burden projections can be especially daunting, given the complexities of climate modeling and the multiple pathways by which climate influences public health. Interdisciplinary coordination between public health practitioners and climate scientists is necessary for scientifically derived estimates. We describe a unique partnership of state and regional climate scientists and public health practitioners assembled by the Florida Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) program. We provide a background on climate modeling and projections that has been developed specifically for public health practitioners, describe methodologies for combining climate and health data to project disease burden, and demonstrate three examples of this process used in Florida.  
  Address Department of Geography, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3220, USA. konrad@unc.edu  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1660-4601 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding PMID:27517942; PMCID:PMC4997490 Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 73  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Harris, R.; Pollman, C.; Hutchinson, D.; Landing, W.; Axelrad, D.; Morey, S.L.; Dukhovskoy, D.; Vijayaraghavan, K. url  doi
openurl 
  Title A screening model analysis of mercury sources, fate and bioaccumulation in the Gulf of Mexico Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2012 Publication Environmental Research Abbreviated Journal Environ Res  
  Volume 119 Issue Pages 53-63  
  Keywords Animals; Calibration; Environmental Exposure; Fishes/metabolism; Humans; Mercury/*chemistry/metabolism; *Models, Theoretical; Seawater/*chemistry; Water Pollutants, Chemical/*chemistry/metabolism  
  Abstract A mass balance model of mercury (Hg) cycling and bioaccumulation was applied to the Gulf of Mexico (Gulf), coupled with outputs from hydrodynamic and atmospheric Hg deposition models. The dominant overall source of Hg to the Gulf is the Atlantic Ocean. Gulf waters do not mix fully however, resulting in predicted spatial differences in the relative importance of external Hg sources to Hg levels in water, sediments and biota. Direct atmospheric Hg deposition, riverine inputs, and Atlantic inputs were each predicted to be the most important source of Hg to at least one of the modeled regions in the Gulf. While incomplete, mixing of Gulf waters is predicted to be sufficient that fish Hg levels in any given location are affected by Hg entering other regions of the Gulf. This suggests that a Gulf-wide approach is warranted to reduce Hg loading and elevated Hg concentrations currently observed in some fish species. Basic data to characterize Hg concentrations and cycling in the Gulf are lacking but needed to adequately understand the relationship between Hg sources and fish Hg concentrations.  
  Address Reed Harris Environmental Ltd., 180 Forestwood Drive, Oakville, Ontario L6J4E6, Canada. reed@reed-harris.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0013-9351 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding PMID:23102631 Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 234  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Harris, R.; Pollman, C.; Landing, W.; Evans, D.; Axelrad, D.; Hutchinson, D.; Morey, S.L.; Rumbold, D.; Dukhovskoy, D.; Adams, D.H.; Vijayaraghavan, K.; Holmes, C.; Atkinson, R.D.; Myers, T.; Sunderland, E. url  doi
openurl 
  Title Mercury in the Gulf of Mexico: sources to receptors Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2012 Publication Environmental Research Abbreviated Journal Environ Res  
  Volume 119 Issue Pages 42-52  
  Keywords Air Pollutants/chemistry; Animals; Environmental Exposure; Food Chain; Geologic Sediments/chemistry; Humans; Mercury/*chemistry/metabolism; Seawater/*chemistry; Water Pollutants, Chemical/*chemistry/metabolism  
  Abstract Gulf of Mexico (Gulf) fisheries account for 41% of the U.S. marine recreational fish catch and 16% of the nation's marine commercial fish landings. Mercury (Hg) concentrations are elevated in some fish species in the Gulf, including king mackerel, sharks, and tilefish. All five Gulf states have fish consumption advisories based on Hg. Per-capita fish consumption in the Gulf region is elevated compared to the U.S. national average, and recreational fishers in the region have a potential for greater MeHg exposure due to higher levels of fish consumption. Atmospheric wet Hg deposition is estimated to be higher in the Gulf region compared to most other areas in the U.S., but the largest source of Hg to the Gulf as a whole is the Atlantic Ocean (>90%) via large flows associated with the Loop Current. Redistribution of atmospheric, Atlantic and terrestrial Hg inputs to the Gulf occurs via large scale water circulation patterns, and further work is needed to refine estimates of the relative importance of these Hg sources in terms of contributing to fish Hg levels in different regions of the Gulf. Measurements are needed to better quantify external loads, in-situ concentrations, and fluxes of total Hg and methylmercury in the water column, sediments, and food web.  
  Address Reed Harris Environmental Ltd, 180 Forestwood Drive, Oakville, Ontario L6J4E6, Canada. reed@reed-harris.com  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0013-9351 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding PMID:23098613 Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ mfield @ Serial 233  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Liu, Q.; Tan, Z-M.; Sun, J.; Hou, Y.; Fu, C.; Wu, Z. url  openurl
  Title Changing rapid weather variability increases influenza epidemic risk in a warming climate Type $loc['typeJournal Article']
  Year 2020 Publication Environmental Research Letters Abbreviated Journal Environmental Research Letters  
  Volume 15 Issue 4 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The continuing change of the Earth's climate is believed to affect the influenza viral activity and transmission in the coming decades. However, a consensus of the severity of the risk of influenza epidemic in a warming climate has not been reached. It was previously reported that the warmer winter can reduce influenza epidemic-caused mortality, but this relation cannot explain the deadly influenza epidemic in many countries over northern mid-latitudes in the winter of 2017-2018, one of the warmest winters in recent decades. Here we reveal that the widely spread 2017-2018 influenza epidemic can be attributed to the abnormally strong rapid weather variability. We demonstrate, from historical data, that the large rapid weather variability in autumn can precondition the deadly influenza epidemic in the subsequent months in highly populated northern mid-latitudes; and the influenza epidemic season of 2017-2018 was a typical case. We further show that climate model projections reach a consensus that the rapid weather variability in autumn will continue to strengthen in some regions of northern mid-latitudes in a warming climate, implying that the risk of influenza epidemic may increase 20% to 50% in some highly populated regions in later 21st century.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Funding Approved $loc['no']  
  Call Number COAPS @ user @ Serial 1070  
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