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|Sharp, R. J., Bourassa, M. A., O'Brien, J. J., Katsaros, K. B., & Forde, E. B. (2001). Early detection of tropical cyclones using Sea Winds-derived vorticity for the 2001 hurricane season. EOS. Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall meet. Suppl. Abstract OS31A–0388.|
|Singh, K., Jardak, M., Sandu, A., Bowman, K., Lee, M., & Jones, D. (2011). Construction of non-diagonal background error covariance matrices for global chemical data assimilation. Geosci. Model Dev., 4(2), 299–316.|
|Smith, S., & Berry, D. (2017). Expanding a 300-Year Record of Marine Climate. Eos, .|
|Smith, S. R. (2004). Focusing on improving automated meteorological observations from ships. Eos Trans. AGU, 85(34), 319.|
|Smith, S. R., Bourassa, M. A., & Long, M. (2011). Pirate attacks affect Indian Ocean climate research. Eos Trans. AGU, 92(27), 225.|
Smith, S. R., Briggs, K., Bourassa, M. A., Elya, J., & Paver, C. R. (2018). Shipboard automated meteorological and oceanographic system data archive: 2005-2017. Geosci Data J, 5(2), 73–86.
Abstract: Since 2005, the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and Oceanographic System (SAMOS) initiative has been collecting, quality-evaluating, distributing, and archiving underway navigational, meteorological, and oceanographic observations from research vessels. Herein we describe the procedures for acquiring ship and instrumental metadata and the one-minute interval observations from 44 research vessels that have contributed to the SAMOS initiative from 2005 to 2017. The overall data processing workflow and quality control procedures are documented along with data file formats and version control procedures. The SAMOS data are disseminated to the user community via web, FTP, and Thematic Real-time Environmental Distributed Data Services from both the Marine Data Center at the Florida State University and the National Centers for Environmental Information, which serves as the long-term archive for the SAMOS initiative. They have been used to address topics ranging from air-sea interaction studies, the calibration, evaluation, and development of satellite observational products, the evaluation of numerical atmospheric and ocean models, and the development of new tools and techniques for geospatial data analysis in the informatics community. Maps provide users the geospatial coverage within the SAMOS dataset, with a focus on the Essential Climate/Ocean Variables, and recommendations are made regarding which versions of the dataset should be accessed by different user communities.
Keywords: data stewardship; marine meteorology; open data access; quality control; thermosalinograph
|Smith, S. R., Lopez, N., & Bourassa, M. A. (2016). SAMOS air-sea fluxes: 2005-2014. Geosci. Data J., 3(1), 9–19.|
Wang, S., Kranz, S. A., Kelly, T. B., Song, H., Stukel, M. R., & Cassar, N. (2020). Lagrangian Studies of Net Community Production: The Effect of Diel and Multiday Nonsteady State Factors and Vertical Fluxes on O2/Ar in a Dynamic Upwelling Region. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 125(6), e2019JG005569.
Abstract: The ratio of dissolved oxygen to argon in seawater is frequently employed to estimate rates of net community production (NCP) in the oceanic mixed layer. The in situ O2/Ar‐based method accounts for many physical factors that influence oxygen concentrations, permitting isolation of the biological oxygen signal produced by the balance of photosynthesis and respiration. However, this technique traditionally relies upon several assumptions when calculating the mixed‐layer O2/Ar budget, most notably the absence of vertical fluxes of O2/Ar and the principle that the air‐sea gas exchange of biological oxygen closely approximates net productivity rates. Employing a Lagrangian study design and leveraging data outputs from a regional physical oceanographic model, we conducted in situ measurements of O2/Ar in the California Current Ecosystem in spring 2016 and summer 2017 to evaluate these assumptions within a �worst‐case� field environment. Quantifying vertical fluxes, incorporating nonsteady state changes in O2/Ar, and comparing NCP estimates evaluated over several day versus longer timescales, we find differences in NCP metrics calculated over different time intervals to be considerable, also observing significant potential effects from vertical fluxes, particularly advection. Additionally, we observe strong diel variability in O2/Ar and NCP rates at multiple stations. Our results reemphasize the importance of accounting for vertical fluxes when interpreting O2/Ar‐derived NCP data and the potentially large effect of nonsteady state conditions on NCP evaluated over shorter timescales. In addition, diel cycles in surface O2/Ar can also bias interpretation of NCP data based on local productivity and the time of day when measurements were made.
Keywords: net community production; O2/Ar; California Current Ecosystem; Lagrangian measurements; vertical fluxes; nonsteady state
|Weissman, D. E., & Bourassa, M. A. (2008). Measurements of the Effect of Rain-Induced Sea Surface Roughness on the QuikSCAT Scatterometer Radar Cross Section. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, 46(10), 2882–2894.|
|Weissman, D. E., & Bourassa, M. A. (2011). The Influence of Rainfall on Scatterometer Backscatter Within Tropical Cyclone Environments-Implications on Parameterization of Sea-Surface Stress. In IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (Vol. 49, pp. 4805–4814).|